Die Verlaufsform (The progressive forms)

ZustandsverbenVorgangsverben
to consist of, to own, to possess to believe, to remember , to think, understand, to seem, to notice, to hear, to want, to like, to wish, to need, to imagine, to belong, to doubt etc.to walk, to work, to write, to read, to study, to play, to build, to clean, to speak, to listen, to move, to drive etc.
My neighbour possesses two cars and a sailing boat.
I think we should plan our holidays soon.
My grandma doesn't hear well so that people have to speak louder.
We had been walking for three hours when we were suddenly surprised by heavy rain.

Bei wiederholten Handlungen (die normalerweise in der simple form stehen) kann auch die progressive form Verwendung finden, wenn Vorwürfe oder Unwillen zum Ausdruck gebracht werden sollen:

The children are always crying.
Die Kinder schreien (aber auch) immer!

Die Zeitformen der Verlaufsform

past progressivehe was playing
present progressivehe is playing
present perfect progressivehe has been playing
past perfect progressivehe had been playing
future progressivehe will be playing
future perfect progressivehe will have been playing
conditional I progressivehe would be playing
conditional perfect (II) progressivehe would have been playing

Simple present und present progressive

Das simple present entspricht dem Infinitiv des Verbs. In der dritten Person Singular wird ein -s angefügt:

 I write
you call
he/she/it
we write
you call
writes/calls they write/call

Beim present progressive wird -ing an den Infinitiv des Verbs angehängt.

Zum Gebrauch des simple present und present progressive

Das simple present wird angewendet:

  • wenn etwas „immer so“ ist (Tatsachen und Gesetzmäßigkeiten):
    Trains between London and Liverpool run every hour. (Fahrplanangaben etc.)
  • bei gewohnheitsmäßigen Vorgängen oder Handlungen:
    Father usually goes to work at 7 a.m.
  • bei Aufzählungen und kurz andauernden Handlungen:
    He shuts the front door and goes to work.
  • bei Zusammenfassungen von Texten im erzählenden Präsens, etwa in Film- oder Theaterrezensionen:
    This story is about fear, … and courage which leads to what you may feel is an overwhelming climax. Faulkner calls him Colonel Sartoris …

Das present progressive wird in folgenden Fällen angewendet:

  • Vor, während und nach dem moment of speaking:
    Look, the actors are rehearsing one of the scenes. / Are you reading his letter?
  • Zur Darstellung von Entwicklungen:
    It's growing colder./ The toddler's range of movement is expanding.
  • Zur Beschreibung von Szenen aus der Sicht eines Betrachters:
    The sales assistant is serving a customer. She is showing her some Italian silk scarves. Another customer is waiting to be served.
  • Zum Ausdruck geplanter zukünftiger Handlung. Es steht schon fest, dass etwas geschehen wird:
    What are we having for lunch? / Tomorrow I'm getting a new haircut. / I can't leave now. I'm expecting Mark in half an hour.

Signalwörter

simple presentpresent progressive:
every day/month/year, always, sometimes, usually, generally, often, as a rule, habituallyLook!, Listen!, at this moment, now, just

Simple present vs. present progressive

simple form (present tense)
 
progressive form (present tense)
Aussagesätze:
Every day he walks home.
They usually watch the news at 8 p.m.
The ferry crosses the river ten times a day.
Aussagesätze:
Look! He is walking home.
They are now watching a movie.
When he was crossing the road, he nearly ran into a car.
Verneinter Aussagesatz (Singular):
He does not listen to the news every day.
I do not (don't) like mushrooms.
Verneinter Aussagesatz (Singular):
Right now he is not listening to the news.
Verneinter Aussagesatz (Plural):
Our friends don't go for walks on weekends.
Verneinter Aussagesatz (Plural):
Look, our friends are walking past our house.
Fragesatz:
Does he drive a car?
Fragesatz:
Aren't you driving too fast now?

Mit der Wahl der einfachen Form oder der Verlaufsform eines Verbes kann sich dessen Bedeutung verändern: z. B. to taste als Zustandsverb (schmecken) oder als Vorgangsverb (abschmecken).

to taste= schmeckenThe soup tastes good.
= abschmeckenThe chef is tasting the soup.

to smell

= riechenThe flower smells nice.
= riechen anShe is smelling the flower.

Stand: 2010
Dieser Text befindet sich in redaktioneller Bearbeitung.

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